Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS)
Since 1975, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) has operated and maintained the Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS). FARS is a national data collection system that contains information on all known motor vehicle traffic crashes in which there was at least one fatality. For the purposes of the FARS program, a reportable fatality is a death that occurs within 30 days (or more precisely, 720 hours) of the motor vehicle traffic crash and is a direct result of the crash. Initial identification of fatalities under FARS often comes from police crash reports but may come from any available source. Detailed information on the circumstances of the crash and persons and vehicles involved are obtained from a wide variety of sources including police crash reports, driver licensing files, vehicle registration files, state highway department data, emergency medical services records, medical examiner/coroners reports, toxicology reports, and death certificates.
FARS is an important resource for NHTSA, the states, and the traffic safety community. The FARS data, a census of all fatal motor vehicle traffic crashes in the U.S., helps NHTSA and others understand and describe the national and state traffic safety environment. FARS data are used to identify problem areas, evaluate safety countermeasures, and to facilitate the development of traffic safety programs at the national, state, and local levels. FARS data provide a basis for Agency decisions in traffic safety, crashworthiness research, and rulemaking. In addition, the consistency of definitions for data in FARS allows an individual state or geographical area to assess its traffic safety situation in relation to the national experience and that of other states.
The FARS data are gathered, interpreted, coded and entered into the National Database in each state by FARS Analysts. The Analysts are employees of state government agencies under agreement with NHTSA for the support of the FARS program. The number of FARS Analysts differ by state according to population and number of fatalities. Alaska has one FARS Analyst.
In 2012 Alaska experienced 59 fatalities, in 54 fatal crashes. These figures show a 19% decrease in fatalities and a 16% decrease in fatal crashes from 2011. The number of alcohol-related fatal crashes in 2012 decreased by 48% from 2011. Alcohol-related figures include non-occupant persons (e.g. pedestrians, pedalcyclists, etc.) in addition to drivers and passengers of motor vehicles. 2011 and 2012 data are preliminary and subject to change.
- National Fatal Crash Overview (April 2012)
- 2006-2012 Alaska Traffic Fatalities Monthly Breakdown
- 2012 Alaska Motor Vehicle Fatalities by Road
- 2011 Alaska Motor Vehicle Fatalities by Road
- 2011 Preliminary Factors in Fatal Crashes
- National Safety Council, Memorial Day Holiday Period National Traffic Fatality Estimates
Alaska Fatal Statistics (Updated 1/24/13)
|Year||Fatalities||Fatal Crashes||Alcohol-Related Fatal Crashes||% Alcohol Related Fatal Crashes|
|Fatalities Not Wearing Seatbelts|
|Alaska Traffic Fatalities
Total Non-Fatal Injury
|Alcohol Related Fatalities (includes non-drivers):|
|Alaska's Observational Seat belt use***||83.2%||82.4%||84.9%||86.1%||86.8%||89.3%||88.1%|
|Unbelted Fatalities (fatalities in seatbelt equipped vehicles only):|
|* Numbers are preliminary and subject to change|
|** State of Alaska, Department of Transportation and Public Facilities' Highway Analysis System (HAS)|
|*** National Occupant Protection Use Survey - Alaska Injury Prevention Center|
|All of the above fatality numbers are compiled by the Alaska Highway Safety Office,
Alaska Department of Transportation & Public Facilities
Seat Belts Save Lives...
- The FARS Encyclopedia
- National Institute for Safety Research
- National Safety Council
- National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
- FARS Definitions and Criteria